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Week Four Causal Factors

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1. CHARACTERISTICS OF STUDENTS WITH MILD/MODERATE INTERVENTION NEEDS SPED 4/53050 INSTRUCTOR: BRIAN FRIEDT Week four: Causal factors 2. On complexity…
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  • 1. CHARACTERISTICS OF STUDENTS WITH MILD/MODERATE INTERVENTION NEEDS SPED 4/53050 INSTRUCTOR: BRIAN FRIEDT Week four: Causal factors
  • 2. On complexity <ul><li>Causal factors happen across several variables: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biological </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Genetic, psychological, brain development, disease... </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nutrition, toxin exposure, community factors, social/cultural </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Risk factors/resiliency factors </li></ul><ul><li>It is often difficult to isolate a “cause” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AAIDD reports that 40-50 percent of cases of cognitive disabilities are idiomatic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To a degree, causes aren’t critical in educational settings </li></ul>
  • 3. Risk factors <ul><li>Time: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prenatal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perinatal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Postnatal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Type: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Genetic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental </li></ul></ul>
  • 4. Biological risk factors <ul><li>Brain development and function </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EBD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Neurotransmitters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chemical imbalance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SLD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Definitionally suggested: CNSD </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Prenatal brain asymmetry </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Blood flow </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Structural differences </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>There’s a lot going on in the brain </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>As before, there are some things we can clearly identify and many that we cannot </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 5. Biological risk factors <ul><li>Genes/heredity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hereditary information points well to the idea of interplay amongst many factors: there is no gene for SLD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EBD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Genetic predisposition </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some genetic component </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SLD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Genetic predisposition </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Remember: risk factor, not certainty factor </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Complex interaction of genetic factors and environmental factors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Down Syndrome, PKU, Trisomy 18... </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 6. Biological risk factors <ul><li>Temperament </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Temperament is fairly stable from birth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clearly biological due to that persistence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EBD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Irritable, withdrawn, intense reactions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SLD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Little ability to sustain attention, distractible, lack of persistence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Less adaptable, inquisitive, persistent, and responsive </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 7. Biological risk factors <ul><li>Good teaching! </li></ul>
  • 8. Environmental risk factors <ul><li>Prenatal: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Age/health of parents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maternal malnutrition/exposure to teratogens/infection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drug/alcohol abuse </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Perinatal: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low birth weight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anoxia </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Postnatal: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Malnutrition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teratogens </li></ul></ul>
  • 9. Environmental risk factors <ul><li>Family </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nurturing/Stimulating/Consistent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trauma </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty </li></ul></ul><ul><li>School </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gap </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attendance </li></ul></ul>
  • 10. Summing up <ul><li>Good teaching! </li></ul>
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