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Cameron_Manual_of_Basic_Animal_Disease_Surveillance_EN-ID_Part_1-5_COMPLETE.pdf

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Pedoman Surveilans Penyakit Hewan Tingkat Dasar Pedoman Surveilans Penyakit Hewan Tingkat Dasar Dr Angus Cameron Pedoman Surveilans Penyakit Hewan Tingkat Dasar Angus Cameron © 2011, Uni Afrika, Biro Inter-Afrika untuk Sumber Daya Hewan ISBN 1 00000 000 X Pedoman Surveilans Penyakit Hewan Tingkat Dasar Daftar Isi Prakata ..........................................................
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   Pedoman Surveilans Penyakit Hewan Tingkat Dasar Pedoman Surveilans Penyakit Hewan Tingkat Dasar Dr Angus Cameron   Pedoman Surveilans Penyakit Hewan Tingkat Dasar Angus Cameron  © 2011, Uni Afrika, Biro Inter-Afrika untuk Sumber Daya Hewan ISBN 1 00000 000 X     Pedoman Surveilans Penyakit Hewan Tingkat Dasar Daftar Isi   Prakata .................................................................................................... iv Pengantar .................................................................................................. 1 Bagian 1: Persyaratan dasar ......................................................................... 3 Tujuan surveilans ...................................................................................... 5 Penyakit-penyakit yang tidak atau jarang ditemukan ............................ 6 Penyakit-penyakit yang sudah ada ...................................................... 7 Kesimpulan ........................................................................................... 9 Persyaratan surveilans ............................................................................ 11 Untuk siapa surveilans dilakukan? ...................................................... 11 Persyaratan kemampuan surveilans nasional ..................................... 13 Persyaratan kemampuan pelaporan internasional .............................. 17 Sumber daya surveilans ...................................................................... 17 Kesimpulan ......................................................................................... 23 Konsep dan prinsip dalam pencapaian tujuan surveilans ...................... 24 Deteksi dini .......................................................................................... 25 Pembuktian status bebas .................................................................... 26 Mengukur penyebaran penyakit .......................................................... 27 Penemuan kasus ................................................................................ 29 Sistem yang diperlukan ............................................................................... 33 Persyaratan kemampuan .................................................................... 33  Alat bantu surveilans ........................................................................... 33 Pendekatan surveilans apa yang dapat diterapkan? ......................... 37 Rekomendasi umum dalam surveilans ............................................... 39 Bagian 2: Komponen dasar ......................................................................... 41 Sistem pelaporan peternak ..................................................................... 43 Panduan cepat .................................................................................... 43  Apa kelebihannya? .............................................................................. 43  Apa kekurangannya? .......................................................................... 44 Pengantar pelaporan peternak ............................................................ 45 Deskripsi ............................................................................................. 46 Tujuan sistem pelaporan peternak………………………………………………. 47 i   Pedoman Surveilans Penyakit Hewan Tingkat Dasar    Permasalahan umum dalam sistem pelaporan peternak ..................... 51 Bagaimana meningkatkan sistem pelaporan peternak ........................ 58 Survei representatif ................................................................................ 73 Panduan cepat ..................................................................................... 74  Apa kelebihannya? .............................................................................. 75  Apa kekurangannya? ........................................................................... 75 Jumlah sampling .................................................................................. 75 Kegiatan lapangan ............................................................................... 77 Kesimpulan .......................................................................................... 83 Survei berbasis resiko ............................................................................ 85 Panduan cepat ..................................................................................... 85  Apa kelebihannya? .............................................................................. 86  Apa kekurangannya? ........................................................................... 87 Identifikasi faktor resiko ...................................................................... 87 Kesimpulan .......................................................................................... 88 Bagian 3: Pendekatan lain dalam surveilans .............................................. 90 Surveilans sentinel ................................................................................. 91 Deskripsi .............................................................................................. 91 Tujuan .................................................................................................. 91 Permasalahan umum ........................................................................... 92 Bagaimana membuat peningkatan ...................................................... 93 Titik agregasi (rumah potong, pasar, tempat minum, tempat cuci) ......... 94 Surveilans rumah potong ..................................................................... 94 Deskripsi .............................................................................................. 95 Tujuan .................................................................................................. 96 Permasalahan umum ........................................................................... 96 Bagaimana meningkatkan surveilans rumah potong ........................... 99 Pelaporan negatif/nihil .......................................................................... 103 Deskripsi ............................................................................................ 103 Permasalahan umum ......................................................................... 104 Bagaimana membuat peningkatan .................................................... 104 Surveilans sindromik ............................................................................ 105 ii   Pedoman Surveilans Penyakit Hewan Tingkat Dasar Deskripsi ............................................................................................ 105 Tujuan ................................................................................................ 106 Permasalahan umum ......................................................................... 107 Bagaimana membuat peningkatan .................................................... 107 Bagian 4: Desain dan Evaluasi Sistem Surveilans Nasional .................... 108 Desain sistem surveilans nasional........................................................ 109 Gambaran umum ............................................................................... 110 Langkah-langkah ............................................................................... 110 Kesimpulan ........................................................................................ 116 Mengevaluasi kegiatan surveilans ........................................................ 117 Gambaran umum ............................................................................... 117 Tujuan dan konteks ............................................................................ 118 Deskripsi kegiatan surveilans ............................................................ 120 Evaluasi kegiatan surveilans .............................................................. 123 Kesimpulan dan rekomendasi ............................................................ 134 Bagian 5: Lampiran .................................................................................. 135 Lampiran 1: Formulir laporan peternak .................................................. 136 Lampiran 2: Tabel angka untuk sampling acak ..................................... 139 Tabel angka acak ............................................................................... 140 iii
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