Landmarks and attractions in Bahrain

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Most interesting landmarks and attractions in Bahrain by Wondermondo.
    1     Most interesting attractionsand landmarks in  Bahrain Gatis Pāvils, 18 May 2012No.24.    Image: Skyline of Manam, Bahrain. Allan Donque, Flickr, CC BY 2.0     2 T he most surprising landmarks in this small islandcountry are the monuments left by a Dilmun culture –  prehistoric or ancient culture which sometimes is seenas a civilization.This culture flourished circa 3200 – 1600 BC and hasleft some of the largest necropolises (such as Hamad and A'ali) in the world with some 170,000 graves. It is wellpossible that people from far away were buried here.Unfortunately this unique heritage is endangered –  covered with city.Today Bahrain is fast developing country with very impressive construction projects – such as Bahrain World Trade Center. Tree of Life   – Southern Governorate. Approximately 400 years old mesquite (  Prosopis cineraria (L.) Druce)growing in a place devoid of water.  Al-Hajar burial complex   – Northern Governorate.Group of more than 150 sub-terranean tombs cut in rock and covered with capstones. Barbar Temples   – Northern Governorate. Threetemples of Dilmun civilization, built atop each other.First was built circa 3000 BC, second – circa 2500 BCand the third – sometimes between 2100-2000 BC.Temple had two altars and natural spring. Diraz   – Northern Governorate. Ancient settlement,temple and fortified Umm Al Sajoor spring of Dilmuncivilization. Spring was landfilled in 7th century AD by Ummayad caliph, but cleaned again by the villagers. Hamad (Karszakkan) burial mounds ,  A'ali burialmounds and other sites – Northern Governorate. Very impressive sets of many thousands of burial mounds –  tumulus. Burials have been shaped by the people of Dilmun civilization and other cultures. There are 9 more burial fields. Tree Of Life, Bahrain.crwjdt, Flickr, CC BY 2.0  M  ay be the mystery status of the Tree of Life in Bahrain is somewhat exagerated  – but this vivid,majestic mesquite tree looks magnificent in theharsh desert.This lonely tree can provide valuable teachingsabout the ways to make Bahrain more beautiful. Wondermondo   is unique project: it aims to describe the most interesting man made and natural attractions / landmarks in the whole world. Author of and each article in it  is Gatis Pāvils. Visit the site to find a lot moreinformation! Ruins of Barbar Temples,.stepnout, Flickr, CC BY 2.0     3 Jannusan burial mounds (Royal Mounds) – Northern Governorate. 8 enormous burial mounds from theBronze Age, more than 10 m high. Saar   – Northern Governorate. Ruins of some 15 ha large prehistoric town of Dilmun civilization from theBronze Age (circa 2000 BC). Research has provided some insight into this little known civilization. Qal'at al-Bahrain (Bahrain Fort) – Capital. The former centre of Dilmun civilization. Artificial mound withan impressive fort on it. The 12 m high mound consists of 7 stratfied layers and was created by constanthabitation from 2300 BC to 18th century. The 15 ha large area was fortified since the ancient times.Portuguese fort was built in 16th century.  Al Fateh Grand Mosque   – Capital. One of the largestmosques in the world which can accomodate more than7,000 worshippers at a time. Built in 1988. Significantdetail is the largest fibreglass dome (diameter – 24 m) inthe world. Khamis Mosque   – Capital Governorate. The firstmosque in Bahrain. It is believed that the foundation of this building was laid in 692 AD, current building is fromthe 11th century and much rebuilt in later times.  Arad Fort   – Muharraq. 15th century fort, built by  Arabs. Compact structure with four cylindric towers oncorners. Riffa Fort   – Southern Governorate. Persian built fort from 17th century, converted into palace in the 18thcentury.  Al-Sakhir Palace   – Southern Governorate. Imposing palace complex, built in the desert in 1870 – 1901. Isa Bin Ali House   – Muharraq. One of the best examples of historical Bahraini architecture, a house of Shaikh Isa Bin Ali with massive windtower. Siyadi House   – Muharraq. 19th century city house with detailed ornamentation and finely carved doors.There are numerous and very diverse caves in Bahamas, many still waiting for their explorers. It is speculatedthat below the sea level here can be found very extensive cave systems. Many of these caves have impressivedropstone formations (also below the sea level) and some contain artefacts and petroglyphs left by the extinctLucayan people.Many caves with valuable finds are kept secret from tourism industry to prevent damage to ancient artefactsand dripstone formations. Dunmore's Cave   – Long Island, near Deadman's Cay. Cave with 2 tunnels, one unexplored tunnel leads tothe sea. Contains Lucayan petroglyphs. Hamilton's Cave   – Long Island, near Deadman's Cay. One of the most impressive cave systems in Bahamas,460 m long, contains beautiful dripstone formations and ancient Lucayan artefacts. Hartford Cave   – Rum Cay. Seaside cave with the carvings, possibly even writings of Lucayans.  Al Fateh Grand Mosque, Bahrain. Jacobs – Creative Bees, Flickr, CC BY 2.0    4 Mystery Cave   – Stoking Island, Exuma. Underwater cave system with three known entrances – Mystery Cave, Angelfish Cave (both in the ocean) and the Bottomley's Blue Hole on the island, total explored lengthexceeds 3 km, some tunnels are very large. Contains large amount of endemic species of sea organisms. Preacher's Cave   – North Eleuthera. Large niche – burial site of early Lucayans from 8th century AD withfew petroglyphs. First home of European settlers in Bahamas in 1640. Bimini Road   – Bimini. Unusual natural monument – some 0.8 km long geological formation whichresembles ancient man-made linear structure, located in 5.5 m depth. For a while it was considered to be aunique megalithic structure. There are several more similar sites in the Bahamas – f.e.  Andros „ Temple ”.   East Plana Cays   – Acklins. The only island where survived Bahamian Hutia ( Geocapromys ingrahami   (J.A.Allen, 1891)). Population of these large rodents on this narrow, 10 km long island could reach 12,000.Later hutia has been introduced to several more islands of Bahamas. The Healing Hole   – Bimini. Unusual, mineralised spring coming up from the cave in the salt marshes of North Bimini. Considered to have unique healing powers, although this seems to be largely exaggerated.
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