5518 Nelson Mandela-The Anatomy of a Leader

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NELSON MANDELA: THE ANATOMY OF A LEADER Student University 1 CONTENTS Introduction Achievement-Driven Motivation Tactical Confrontation Affiliation-Driven Motivation Power-Driven Motivation Leadership Conviction in the Ability to Influence Events Conclusion Bibliography 3 4 5 6 7 10 12 13 2 Introduction The transformation of Nelson Mandela is fundamentally fashioned during his almost three decades in prison. He developed into a leader set apart by a high level of cognitive complexity and a
  NELSON MANDELA: THE ANATOMY OF A LEADER StudentUniversity 1  CONTENTS Introduction3Achievement-Driven Motivation4Tactical Confrontation5Affiliation-Driven Motivation6Power-Driven Motivation7Leadership Conviction in the Ability to Influence Events10Conclusion12Bibliography13 2  Introduction The transformation of Nelson Mandela is fundamentally fashioned during hisalmost three decades in prison. He developed into a leader set apart by a high level of cognitive complexity and a broad, humanistic, and practical attitude to politics. He wastherefore proficient to carry out the varied roles of nationalist leader-aggressivenegotiator and of intermediary-incorporator. High level of cognitive complexity outfittedMandela, better than other revolutionaries, for the shift to post-liberation leader. AsSuedfeld and Rank (1976) remark, a government in authority must operate at a complexdegree consequently to resolve the many and complicated problems that challenge it.Commonly, there is no more a lone prevailing enemy, diverse factions must be broughttogether and reconciled, policies must be founded on various concerns in complexinteractions, and both philosophy and practice must be adaptable and compliant todynamic events.In incarceration, Mandela behaved as a multifaceted-governmental leader byunifying factions and mounting a capacity for ideological adaptability for a time far moreextended than that period when he was a revolutionary leader. A number of assumptions are reasonable regarding the level to which essential aspects of Mandela’speacemaking approach may be employable to peacemakers in general. Well-knownpeacemakers, whether political leaders of freedom struggles opposed to non-democratic governments, for instance Gandhi, Burma’s Aung San Su Kyi, or SouthKorea’s Kim Dae Jung, or politically unassociated religious public figures involved insuch resistance, such as Desmond Tuto, Martin Luther King, or the Dalai Lama, be aptto share particular traits. Such peacemakers demonstrate a discernment of the real 3  needs of opposing factions, for example, by ascribing liberation in a language thatembrace the tyrant together with the oppressed and promoting reconciliation.  Achievement-Driven Motivation Mandela demonstrated all signs from the early 1950s that he was a leader of destiny, according to his long time friend since law school and personal lawyer, GeorgeBizos (1999). This impression of destiny for leadership extends still way back. At earlytwenties, Mandela expressed to a white associate the confidence that he would becomeSouth Africa’s prime minister one day. An adopted royal son of the Xhosa people’sThembu clan, Mandela was being prepared to be Thembu King’s advisor. The elders inthe early life of Mandela unmistakably expressed high hopes for him. At court as well asin boarding school, Mandela took in the conventions of self-discipline, whereas clanculture, along with stick fighting and the harshness of adolescent rituals of circumcisionwith boys instilled a stoic manner with regard to deprivation and pain. Mandela’s adultlife presented an image pursuing physical form by way of strictly health applied routines,and in prison Mandela woke up at half past 3:00 in the morning to start the day with timefor a two-hour work-out (Bethel 1986). Fikile Bam (1999), a fellow prisoner, commentedthat Mandela was such a disciplined person in both small and big things as well as infood. Mandela, Bam observed, always desired to give portion of his own food with other prisoners, and in no way wished to be granted favors.Mandela was described by Oliver Tambo (1965) as a passionate, expressive,sensitive, and easily stung to bitterness and reprisal by rudeness and patronage.Although, in prison, Mac Maharaj (a fellow prisoner) remarked that Mandela made adeliberate effort to control anger and rashness (Ottoway 1993). Mandela had always 4
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